Edited by Roberta Capello and Peter Nijkamp
Amitrajeet A. Batabyal1 and Peter Nijkamp 15.1 Introduction Regional development does not take place in a wonderland of no physical-geographical dimensions. The region is sometimes an abstract concept, but sometimes also a very concrete, real-world geographic space where actual economic forces are manifesting themselves. The realization of economic growth is conditioned by constraints and opportunities emerging from the environmental and resource base of a region. A balanced regional growth perspective calls for a thorough investigation of environmental, resource and climatological conditions that are responsible for sustainable development. Two trends in recent social science research have increasingly guided the nature of contemporary research in regional science. As noted by Batabyal and Nijkamp (2004), the ﬁrst is the recognition by regional scientists that many outstanding problems in regional science have a distinct environmental dimension to them. The second is the acknowledgment by natural resource and environmental economists – see Stevens and Olsen (2004) – that eﬀective renewable resource management and environmental externality regulation cannot be divorced from considerations of the space over which the management and the regulatory functions are to be undertaken. These two trends together have now given rise to a rather substantial literature on topics at the interface of regional science and the environment. Even though there is no gainsaying the existence of this sizeable literature on regional science and the environment, this literature is widely scattered over a large number of books and journals and, to the best of our knowledge, there are virtually no syntheses of the principal...
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