Managing Change in an Era of Globalisation
Edited by Bernard Gazier and Frédéric Bruggeman
Chapter 12: The Territory: An Innovation Laboratory
Rachel Beaujolin-Bellet When restructuring involving job losses takes place, the territorial areas in which the companies concerned are implanted, are strongly aﬀected by the consequences in terms of employment, ﬁnancial resources, social problems, economic development, the environment and real estate management. However, territories are often not immediately considered as actors directly concerned and a fortiori involved in restructuring processes. Moreover, territorial actors are diﬃcult to identify. They have multiple attachments to a range of institutions and do not appear in a single guise, but may (with variations according to circumstances) be administrative actors, elected representatives, company leaders, union leaders, associations, chambers of commerce and so on. Nevertheless, as the Monitoring Innovative Restructuring in Europe (MIRE) programme developed, it became clear that it was important to consider the territory1 as a possible and relevant location in which to establish regulatory restructuring systems. Indeed, the emergence of territories as a basis for the development of innovative practices informing restructuring operations has occurred within a twofold context: on one hand, the crisis of internal labour markets and on the other hand, a crisis aﬀecting the traditional functioning modes of the states.2 The relevance of territorial actors in restructuring thus reﬂects the quest for eﬃcient social regulation, which can respond to permanent transformations in the structuring of value chains, the rise in ﬂexible forms of employment and hybridisation in the exercise of subordination modes (Petit, Thévenot, 2006). Indeed, in a context of permanent restructuring which challenges a Fordian...
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