Edited by Léo-Paul Dana
Chapter 5: Economics and Spirituality in the Entrepreneurial Development Strategy of the Franciscan California Missions: The Historical Case of San Diego
Craig S. Galbraith, Curt H. Stiles and Jacqueline Benitez-Galbraith INTRODUCTION There has been increasing interest in the developmental entrepreneurship, economic sociology, and institutional economics literature regarding the role that pre-colonial institutions, hierarchy, and government structures had upon the development of indigenous populations upon intense contact with the colonizing nations. Acemoglu et al. (2001), and others (for example, La Porta et al., 1999) have argued that one of the major factors determining post-colonial economic development is the quality of the institutional arrangements that the colonizing power brings to a particular region. Acemoglu et al. (2001), for example, found that on the average, regions where the colonial powers established strong institutional and legal frameworks, then the post-colonial indigenous population probably benefited by various social, health, and economic measures. However, in regions where the colonial effort was primarily extractive, with little or no attempt to establish strong institutions, then the post-colonial situation became stagnant or even declined. Others (for example, Boone, 2003; Gennaioli and Rainer, 2007; Mamdani, 1996) have argued that the quality and characteristics of the existing pre-colonial indigenous institutions is also important in understanding post-colonial development. Certain pre-colonial institutional frameworks, for example, might lend themselves to more or less integration with the colonial institutional frameworks, and it is really the combination, and the integration, of colonial institutions and pre-colonial indigenous institutions that ultimately determine the economic trajectory 136 Economics and spirituality of the Franciscan California missions 137 of various regions, such as Africa. This argument is echoed by Peruvian economist, Hernando...
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