A Fourth Movements in Entrepreneurship Book
Edited by Daniel Hjorth and Chris Steyaert
8. Is the Marquis de Sade an entrepreneur? Campbell Jones and André Spicer INTRODUCTION This chapter oﬀers one way of thinking about the politics of entrepreneurship. We return to the question ‘Who is an entrepreneur?’, but we give this a twist that enables us to say some things about the politics of entrepreneurship. We do this by taking up what might appear at ﬁrst to be an ‘extreme’ case of entrepreneurship, asking if the infamous Marquis de Sade, from whom we take the reference to modern ‘sadism’, is an entrepreneur. Our analysis seeks to demonstrate that, if we analyse Sade in the terms of social or institutional entrepreneurship, this case is not so far-fetched as it might ﬁrst seem. In fact, we argue that Sade can only not be seen as an entrepreneur if we overestimate his failures, and moreover if we assume a particular morality and fail to pay enough attention to economics. In our discussion and conclusion we analyse these issues, but for now it is important to stress that, methodologically, we are concerned here to bring to centre stage the question of exclusion in entrepreneurship. There is a lot of talk today about seeing entrepreneurship more broadly, about focusing on social entrepreneurship and institutional entrepreneurship. But our question here is somewhat diﬀerent. For us, the crucial question concerning the politics of entrepreneurship is not simply ‘Who is an entrepreneur?’, but ‘Who is not an entrepreneur?’. Our concern therefore will be to ask...
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