A Fourth Movements in Entrepreneurship Book
Edited by Daniel Hjorth and Chris Steyaert
1. The focus of the discussion that follows is on the types of workplaces often referred to as ‘the culture-managed service corporation’, ‘the network enterprise’, ‘the knowledgeintensive ﬁrm’, ‘the customer-centric ﬁrm’, and so on. For reasons that are elaborated further down in this chapter I use the term post-bureaucracy as a summary for all these concepts and the type of workplaces they imply. Such post-bureaucratic organizations are not considered here as representative of the structure and functioning of work and organizations as a whole, but as a form of archetypes of the kinds of organizations in which new rules and principles of governing work are most apparent. As shown by Foucault (1991c), even in 19th-century – ‘laissez faire’ – liberalism a series of administrative and technical inventions were required to shape and protect the freedom of individuals – prisons, enforced medical interventions, compulsory education, moral policing, and so on. It was, Foucault remarked (1991c), the same political movement that in the 19th century celebrated liberty that built the prison. The oﬃcial English translation of VINNVÄXT is Regional Growth through Development of Dynamic Innovation Systems. However, the Swedish word vinnväxt also implies a winner in a competition, in direct translation ‘win-growth’. It should be noted that approximately two-thirds of the Swedish research is ﬁnanced by large companies and only one-third by the government. Seminar-style course, Conversations Across Cultures: Enterprising Art and Artistic Practice held 18–20 February, 2005, arranged by Professors Ruth Bereson and Graeme Sullivan at Columbia University, New York....
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