Edited by Jeff Bennett, Xuehong Wang and Lei Zhang
Chapter 8: An Overall Assessment of the CCFGP and Policy Recommendations
Xuehong Wang, Jeff Bennett, Lei Zhang and Chen Xie INTRODUCTION With a number of the components of the social welfare change brought about by the Conversion of Cropland to Forest and Grassland Program (CCFGP) identiﬁed and evaluated in previous chapters, it is possible to conduct an albeit partial cost–beneﬁt analysis (CBA) of the Program. The CBA builds on the ﬁndings on the agricultural production impacts of the Program and its market and non-market environmental changes. There are other environmental costs and beneﬁts that are not included in the analysis due to the lack of scientiﬁc information to establish the links between biophysical changes and economic impacts. As such, a partial CBA is conducted with an aim to inform policy-making of the CCFGP. The research hypothesis – ‘The CCFGP improves the social welfare of people in North China’ – can be tested. A number of issues around the implementation of the CCFGP can be further investigated within the institutional framework and political economy of China. These issues include the sustainability of the Program, its economic efﬁciency and its cost-effectiveness. An analysis of these issues helps to identify the problems associated with the Program, potential policy alternatives, and consequently policy guidance for future implementation of the Program. This chapter is structured as follows. In the next section, the results of the partial cost–beneﬁt analysis of the CCFGP are presented. This is followed by a discussion of the policy implications of the Program in Section 3, concentrating...
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