Environmental Protection in China
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Environmental Protection in China

Land-Use Management

Edited by Jeff Bennett, Xuehong Wang and Lei Zhang

Faced with intensified environmental degradation and decreased agricultural land productivity, the Chinese government has sought policy interventions to reverse both of these negative trends. Among the policy instruments is the Conversion of Cropland to Forest and Grassland Program (CCFGP) that aims to change the pattern of agricultural land use in 25 provinces and autonomous regions across China. This book provides the most comprehensive assessment of the CCFGP undertaken to date. It allows the consideration of fundamental questions pertaining to the sustainability of the land use changes brought about by the CCFGP, its cost effectiveness and the prospects for policy evolution. Contributions from a wide range of economists and scientists in the book provide policymakers in the Chinese government with relevant information with which to pursue more effectively agro-environmental goals.
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Chapter 9: The Way Ahead

Jeff Bennett and Xuehong Wang


Jeff Bennett and Xuehong Wang With a total budget of CNY337 billion, the Conversion of Cropland to Forest and Grassland Program (CCFGP) is one of the world’s largest government initiatives to provide environmental goods and services. Upon successful completion, it will represent an almost 10 per cent increase in current national forest area. However, with government funding for the CCFGP drawing to an end in 2007, increasing attention amongst Chinese policy-makers, as well as the wider Chinese and international communities, has been devoted to the long-term sustainability of the land-use changes triggered by the CCFGP. This, coupled with growing public deficits and increasing frustration with government inefficiencies, has called for the justification of government intervention through the implementation of the Program. A partial cost–benefit analysis (CBA) is set out in this book to show the long-term impact of the CCFGP on the social welfare of people living in North China. Due to the lack of sufficient scientific information to establish the links between biophysical changes and economic impacts of the Program, some environmental costs and benefits are not included in the analysis and hence a full CBA could not be conducted. Even so, the CBA reported in this research represents the first of its kind in the CCFGP literature, especially with the comprehensive environmental valuation component included in the analysis. Non-market valuation of environmental benefits has never been attempted in other CCFGP studies and remains rare in Chinese policy evaluations more...

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