An Emerging Intellectual Property Paradigm
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An Emerging Intellectual Property Paradigm

Perspectives from Canada

Edited by Ysolde Gendreau

This book brings together contributions from reputed experts on Canadian intellectual property law which highlight its special features. Situated at the crossroads between legal traditions in Europe and the United States, Canada’s intellectual property laws blend various elements from these regions and can offer innovative approaches. The chapters focus primarily on patents, trademarks, and copyrights, covering both historical and contemporary developments. They are designed to bring perspective and reflection upon what has become in recent years a very rich intellectual property environment.
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Chapter 11: When Intellectual Property Rights Converge – Tracing the Contours and Mapping the Fault Lines ‘Case by Case’ and ‘Law by Law’

Myra J. Tawfik


Myra J. Tawfik* Where then does this leave us as judges and lawyers? The challenge, as I see it, is to work out, case by case, law by law, a framework which recognizes the benefits to be obtained from regarding ideas as property, while delineating the limits on those property rights, which a society increasingly dependent on the free flow of ideas must permit, as a matter of practicality and morality.1 One of the more daunting challenges confronting intellectual property scholars, jurists and policy-makers alike is the task of identifying and circumscribing the nature and scope of the established categories of intellectual property rights. Born centuries ago, these venerable bodies of law – copyright, patent, trademarks and industrial designs – emerged at a particular time and place and have evolved in ways that may not have remained true to whatever underlying objectives had originally fashioned them. And while the law does not remain static and, indeed, should adapt to meet current economic, social and cultural needs, there is growing concern that intellectual property laws are now being extended and expanded beyond acceptable parameters.2 With each measure to * The author would like to thank Michelle Mulchan for her research assistance and the Law Foundation of Ontario for its financial support. 1 Beverley McLachlin ‘Intellectual Property. What’s it all About?’ in Gordon F. Henderson, ed., Trade-Marks Law of Canada (Scarborough: Carswell, 1993) 391 at 397. 2 See for example, David Vaver, ‘Need Intellectual Property Be Everywhere? Against Ubiquity and Uniformity’ (2002) 25:1...

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