Edited by Léo-Paul Dana, Mary Han, Vanessa Ratten and Isabell M. Welpe
Chapter 10: China, Part 2
Joseph Sy-Changco I. Introduction For the Chinese, the pertinence of entrepreneurship is particularly relevant in the proverb: ‘It is better to be a chicken’s head than a phoenix’s tail.’ There is a large consensus on the belief that every Chinese person wants to be his own boss (Liao and Sohmen, 2001, p. 27). The Pearl River Delta is the most economically prosperous and dynamic region in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Located in Southern China, it covers the Guangdong Province and the two Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. It is also the location of two of the original four Special Economic Zones (Shenzhen and Zhuhai) of the PRC. This chapter will cover the state of entrepreneurship in Guangdong Province, Hong Kong and Macau. Hong Kong Hong Kong (HK) is located at the eastern side of the Pearl River Delta, beside the Guangdong province in the north and fronting the South China Sea in the east, west and south directions. It was occupied by the British in 1841. In the early 1950s, Hong Kong embarked on its export-led industrialization which grew rapidly in the 1960s. By 1970, it eventually emerged as a major financial center and one of the richest economies in Asia. On 1 July 1997, it became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR). In this set-up, China’s socialist economic system is not imposed on Hong Kong and thus Hong Kong enjoys a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs...
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