Edited by Léo-Paul Dana, Mary Han, Vanessa Ratten and Isabell M. Welpe
Chapter 27: Palestine
Nidal Rashid Sabri 1 Introduction Palestine is located between the south-eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. Because of the strategic location of Palestine and it being sacred to various religions, it has been a place of conflict throughout history. In 1918 Palestine which used to be an Arab home for a period of 14 centuries, came under the British mandate when the Ottoman Empire was defeated in the World War I. Today, the majority of Palestinians are living in parts of the historical Palestine known as West Bank, East Jerusalem, Gaza Strip and inside the green line of Palestine. The Palestinian population is almost 10 million, of whom half are living in Palestine, while the other half is living in exile in neighbouring Arab states and all over the world. In spite of the political situation, the human development index in Palestine is moderate as expressed by education, health and income per capita, due mainly to the significance of workers’ remittances who are working abroad mainly in Arab Gulf states and Northern America, which formed about 16 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) (AMF, 2006; UNCTAD, 2004). Exporting labour is considered a positive aspect due to the substantial received cash inflow from abroad. For example, the human development index in Palestine is about 0.736 and ranks at 100 out of 170 states, which is higher than the average of Arab states and higher than the medium human development index, and it is about the average of...
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