Edited by Léo-Paul Dana, Mary Han, Vanessa Ratten and Isabell M. Welpe
Chapter 43: Uzbekistan
Gulnoza S. Saidazimova Introduction to Uzbekistan The Uzbek language used Arabic script until 1929, and the Roman alphabet from 1929 until 1940 – when Stalin imposed Cyrillic. In 1994, the state began to phase out the use of Cyrillic (Dana, 2002). Independent since 31 August 1991, the Republic of Uzbekistan covers 447 400 square kilometres, bordering Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and the Aral Sea. Uzbekistan is slightly smaller than Sweden and is one of the world’s two double-locked countries.1 In January 2000, Uzbek border guards entered Kazakhstan and unilaterally extended their country by marking out a 60kilometre stretch. With over 27 million people, Uzbekistan is the most populous country in Central Asia. More than 60 percent of them live in rural areas. Agriculture and industries processing agricultural products (primarily those related to cotton and foods) have constantly contributed about 35 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). It relies heavily on cotton production as the major source of export revenues. Other major export earners include gold, natural gas, and oil (CIA, ‘The World FactBook’). Uzbek President Islam Karimov said the country’s GDP grew by 9.5 percent in 2007 (UzA, 2008). Independent sources cite some 8.1 percent of GDP growth in 2007 (CIA, ‘The World FactBook’) and say the growth is likely to stay high – at around 7.3 percent in 2008-09 (EIU. 2007). The growth has been high mostly due to exports of gas, cotton, gold, and other natural resources that currently enjoy high prices in the world...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.