Edited by Beverly Dawn Metcalfe and Fouad Mimouni
9. Business leadership development in Iran Kate Hutchings, Kavoos Mohannak and Sen Sendjaya INTRODUCTION Throughout the twentieth century the economies of the Middle East rose and fell many times in response to the external environment, including European de-colonization and the US and former USSR competing to provide military and economic aid after World War II. Throughout these upheavals the Middle East has remained internationally significant politically and economically, not least for the region’s large reserves of oil and gas, as discussed in the Introduction to this volume. In recent decades, Western nations have moved to invest into the Middle East in the rapidly developing technology, tourism and education industries that have proliferated. For its part, Iran has been the world’s fourth largest provider of petroleum and second largest provider of natural gas and, despite years of political unrest, has made rapid expansion into information technology and telecommunications. Increased involvement in the global economy has meant that Iran has invested heavily in education and training and moved to modernize its management practices. Hitherto there has been little academic research into management in either Western or local organizations in Iran. This chapter seeks to address that gap in knowledge by exploring business leadership in Iran, with particular reference to cultural and institutional impacts. STRATEGIC AND ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF IRAN Iran is a geopolitically strategic country, located between the Russian Federation and the Persian Gulf which connects to the Indian Ocean through the Strait of Hormus. Iran has long been a great crossroads...
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