Intergenerational Solidarity in European Welfare States
- Globalization and Welfare series
Edited by Chiara Saraceno
Chapter 13: Reliable Bonds? A Comparative Perspective of Intergenerational Support Patterns Among Migrant Families in Germany
Helen Baykara-Krumme INTRODUCTION: AGEING IN MIGRATION When the newly recruited migrant workers from Mediterranean countries arrived in Germany, they expected to return home for good after only a couple of years. This occurred in the middle of the last century. Now many have spent more than 40 years in Germany and have abandoned their plans to return; the host country has become their home (cf. BMFSFJ 2000, BMFSFJ 2005). As this cohort of former migrant workers grows older, they are provoking an enormous demographic shift in the foreign population. In 1994, the share of elderly above 60 years of age with a non-German passport reached 5.5 per cent, and amounted to 10.9 per cent only ten years later (797 000). By 2010, the foreign elderly population is expected to have increased to approximately 1.3 million, and to have reached 2.5 million by the year 2030 (Bauer et al. 2006). The foreign population in Germany is highly heterogeneous and not all elderly are former migrant workers. However, about 50 per cent have been living in Germany for 30 years and longer, that is, a large part immigrated during the recruitment period between 1955 and 1973. Only 9 per cent immigrated in the past ten years, whereas 5 per cent were born in Germany. The Turkish population represents more than 27 per cent, followed by citizens from former Yugoslavia.1 Socio-political interest has been directed towards the life situation and speciﬁc needs of the migrant elderly. One important component is the potential...
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