A Grand Design for Peace and Reconciliation
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A Grand Design for Peace and Reconciliation

Achieving Kyosei in East Asia

Edited by Yoichiro Murakami and Thomas J. Schoenbaum

Scholars from Japan and a range of other countries explore in this book the still-unfinished effort to achieve the reconciliation of old enmities left over from past wars in East Asia. They present concrete policy proposals for a ‘grand design’ of peace based on the Japanese concept of ‘kyosei’, a word roughly translated as ‘conviviality’. A positive peace through kyosei means not only the absence of violence, but also the amelioration of past injustices, exploitation and oppression. The diversity of disciplines represented in the volume—international law and politics, history, philosophy and theology – enrich the contributors’ search for an intellectually appropriate, practically transformative and viable grand theory of peace in the twenty-first century. Chapters address issues such as security in North–South conflict situations, foreign policy strategies for Japan, the perspective of comparative religions, and current skepticism for the possibility of peace and reconciliation. These insightful and compelling analyses will be of great interest to students and researchers of East Asia and the politics of peace in general.
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Chapter 6: Peace Studies and Peace Politics: Multicultural Common Security in North–South Conflict Situations

Kinhide Mushakoji


6. Peace studies and peace politics: multicultural common security in North–South conflict situations Kinhide Mushakoji 1. COMMON SECURITY BUILDING IN NORTH– SOUTH SITUATIONS This chapter will deal with the specific type of situation which we call “North–South situations”. It is based on the author’s experience in trying to transcend conflicts between the citizens of the North and the migrant workers from the South in Japan. The citizens, including NGO activists in Japan, share a common prejudice about the migrants from the South. This prejudice is especially intense in the case of “illegal” migrants and trafficked sex-workers. Under the media campaign which treats all foreigners as potential terrorists, the Japanese citizens, even feminists concerned by gender inequality, believe that the foreign migrants are a potential danger to their security. They cannot imagine the seriousness of the sense of insecurity of the migrants who experience daily the suspicion of the police as well as of the neighbors, at home, at their workplace, and at school. The belief prevailing in the civil society that the migrant workers are a threat to the security of the society increases the state of insecurity of the migrants, and a “security dilemma” follows. The more the citizens become suspicious, the more the migrants feel insecure and the less they open their hearts to the suspecting citizens. This chapter deals with the need to build an awareness among the “good” citizens about the reality of the present globalizing world, where a new...

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