A Grand Design for Peace and Reconciliation
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A Grand Design for Peace and Reconciliation

Achieving Kyosei in East Asia

Edited by Yoichiro Murakami and Thomas J. Schoenbaum

Scholars from Japan and a range of other countries explore in this book the still-unfinished effort to achieve the reconciliation of old enmities left over from past wars in East Asia. They present concrete policy proposals for a ‘grand design’ of peace based on the Japanese concept of ‘kyosei’, a word roughly translated as ‘conviviality’. A positive peace through kyosei means not only the absence of violence, but also the amelioration of past injustices, exploitation and oppression. The diversity of disciplines represented in the volume—international law and politics, history, philosophy and theology – enrich the contributors’ search for an intellectually appropriate, practically transformative and viable grand theory of peace in the twenty-first century. Chapters address issues such as security in North–South conflict situations, foreign policy strategies for Japan, the perspective of comparative religions, and current skepticism for the possibility of peace and reconciliation. These insightful and compelling analyses will be of great interest to students and researchers of East Asia and the politics of peace in general.
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Chapter 11: For Realizing Wa and Kyosei in East Asia

Shin Chiba


Shin Chiba 1. INTRODUCTION The task of any theorizing on peace has to start from the “materiality” of the concrete and actual historical context in which a theorist is situated. For the current author this Sitz im Leben can be stated in various ways. But one of the important contexts resides in the historical and current situation of Japan in East Asia. In this historical and regional context of East Asia, Japan is by no means innocent. This is the country which invaded the neighboring Asian and Pacific-Rim countries with its ultra-nationalism and fierce militarism during the so-called Fifteen Year War (1931–45). The Japanese government has recently begun to pursue the policy of “East Asian partnership” and “East Asian community”, especially in the areas of the economy and technology. But this policy naturally has not been altogether welcomed by neighboring nations. This Japanese government and the economic sector’s language of “East Asian partnership and community” has understandably been met with either indifference or nuanced hesitation as well on the part of the neighboring East Asian countries.1 Also within this context, the Japanese government has been strongly raising the issue of the abduction of Japanese citizens by North Korea for three decades or more. But this voice has also been met with some indifference and hesitation in the context of East Asia. Besides this, today Japan must deal with three island disputes, that is, disputes over four northern islands with Russia, over Takeshima Island with Korea, and...

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