Charting the Fragile Path of Progress
5. Correctional institutions I. NORMATIVE BENCHMARKS Several international documents elucidate how the rights guaranteed to all persons by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights translate into specific standards for the treatment of prisoners. The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, adopted by the UN Economic and Social Council in 1957, is the most comprehensive of these guidelines. The Standard Minimum Rules set detailed standards for the condition of food, clothing, housing, medical services, discipline and punishment practices, institutional arrangements and other aspects of prison conditions. Other sets of standards, codes Article 10 of the ICCPR states: 1. All persons deprived of their liberty shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person. 2. (a) Accused persons shall, save in exceptional circumstances, be segregated from convicted persons and shall be subject to separate treatment appropriate to their status as unconvicted persons; (b) Accused juvenile persons shall be separated from adults and brought as speedily as possible for adjudication. 3. The penitentiary system shall comprise treatment of prisoners the essential aim of which shall be their reformation and social rehabilitation. Juvenile offenders shall be segregated from adults and be accorded treatment appropriate to their age and legal status. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 UN GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 52, UN Doc. A/6316 (1966), 999 UNTS 171, entered into force March 23, 1976. These documents...
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