Chapter 9: A Multi-layered Framework of Nascent Entrepreneurship from a Learning Perspective
INTRODUCTION TO THE CHAPTER 9.1 This chapter presents a grounded analysis of the case accounts presented in the preceding Chapters 7 and 8 by encapsulating the key themes that have emerged from the research. A multi-layered framework of nascent entrepreneurship is offered by highlighting learning elements of the process at three levels: micro-level, meso-relational level and macro-level. Bourdieu’s theoretical constructs (1977, 1986, 1990, 1993, 1998, 1999, 2003), already applied in organisation studies by taking a multi-level stance by Özbilgin et al. (2005), Özbilgin and Tatli (2005) and Özbilgin (2006), have acted as orienting tools in framing the multi-layered approach, as established in Chapter 5. We should note that these three levels are not mutually exclusive categories: the emphasis is on the interfaces between them. The social construction of the business venturing process is elucidated with reference to a complex and emergent process (Bouchikhi, 1993; Chell 2000), whereby individual nascent entrepreneurs (micro-level) actively and relationally form their new enterprises as a part of a broader venture community (meso-relational level), which is embedded in the macro-field of enterprise culture with its institutions and education programmes (Karatas-Özkan and Murphy, 2006). The micro-level concepts of dispositions and capitals have served the purpose of analysing and explaining the business venturing process at the individual nascent entrepreneur level. The meso-relational level concept, such as habitus and the dynamics that are shaped by, and shape, the habitus, has been very instrumental in pulling together the relational, negotiated, situated, agentic and performative characteristics of the business venturing...
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