Chapter 9: A Multi-layered Framework of Nascent Entrepreneurship from a Learning Perspective
9. A multi-layered framework of nascent entrepreneurship from a learning perspective INTRODUCTION TO THE CHAPTER 9.1 This chapter presents a grounded analysis of the case accounts presented in the preceding Chapters 7 and 8 by encapsulating the key themes that have emerged from the research. A multi-layered framework of nascent entrepreneurship is offered by highlighting learning elements of the process at three levels: micro-level, meso-relational level and macro-level. Bourdieu’s theoretical constructs (1977, 1986, 1990, 1993, 1998, 1999, 2003), already applied in organisation studies by taking a multi-level stance by Özbilgin et al. (2005), Özbilgin and Tatli (2005) and Özbilgin (2006), have acted as orienting tools in framing the multi-layered approach, as established in Chapter 5. We should note that these three levels are not mutually exclusive categories: the emphasis is on the interfaces between them. The social construction of the business venturing process is elucidated with reference to a complex and emergent process (Bouchikhi, 1993; Chell 2000), whereby individual nascent entrepreneurs (micro-level) actively and relationally form their new enterprises as a part of a broader venture community (meso-relational level), which is embedded in the macro-field of enterprise culture with its institutions and education programmes (Karatas-Özkan and Murphy, 2006). The micro-level concepts of dispositions and capitals have served the purpose of analysing and explaining the business venturing process at the individual nascent entrepreneur level. The meso-relational level concept, such as habitus and the dynamics that are shaped by, and shape, the habitus, has been very instrumental in pulling together the...
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