The Rise of Transnational Corporations from Emerging Markets
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The Rise of Transnational Corporations from Emerging Markets

Threat or Opportunity?

Edited by Karl P. Sauvant

This insightful book shows that foreign direct investment (FDI) from emerging markets has grown from negligible amounts in the early 1980s to $210 billion in 2007, with the stock of investment now being well over $1 trillion. This reflects the rise of firms from these economies to become important players in the world FDI market. The contributors to this book comprehensively analyze the rise of emerging market TNCs, the salient features of the transnational activities of these firms, the relationship of outward FDI and the competitiveness of the firms involved, their impact on host and home countries and implications for the international law and policy system.
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Chapter 2: The Rise of TNCs from Emerging Markets: The Global Context

Jeffrey D. Sachs


Jeffrey D. Sachs I would like to frame a few of the broader global conditions in which this topic will proceed in substance for some time to come. I want to give a kind of macroeconomic overview, and a very brief one indeed, rather than a microeconomic assessment of the particular issues of outward foreign direct investment (FDI) from emerging markets. There is little doubt that, barring a catastrophe, we are living in an age that will be marked by the biggest economic change in the history of recent centuries. It will have, in its geopolitical impact, a role comparable to that of the Industrial Revolution, which is one of the great ruptures of history. We are now living in the age of convergence of economic performance, after several centuries of divergence. Since around 1500, the North Atlantic economies – for a lot of very complicated economic, political and military reasons – rose in dominance over the course of 450 years, so that, by the middle of the twentieth century, the shared dominance of the United States and Europe completely defined the global economic reality. Of course, the Cold War was the dominant survival issue for the world, but the dominant economic issue was the unprecedented concentration of economic power in the North Atlantic economies, and all that it meant for society, technology, culture and so on. The rise of the North Atlantic countries was a long process. It was most fundamentally made powerful by the discovery of trade routes...

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