The Rise of Transnational Corporations from Emerging Markets
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The Rise of Transnational Corporations from Emerging Markets

Threat or Opportunity?

Edited by Karl P. Sauvant

This insightful book shows that foreign direct investment (FDI) from emerging markets has grown from negligible amounts in the early 1980s to $210 billion in 2007, with the stock of investment now being well over $1 trillion. This reflects the rise of firms from these economies to become important players in the world FDI market. The contributors to this book comprehensively analyze the rise of emerging market TNCs, the salient features of the transnational activities of these firms, the relationship of outward FDI and the competitiveness of the firms involved, their impact on host and home countries and implications for the international law and policy system.
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Chapter 10: Corporate Governance of Emerging-Market TNCs: Why Does it Matter?

Rainer Geiger


10. Corporate governance of emergingmarket TNCs: why does it matter? Rainer Geiger INTRODUCTION This chapter is about the link between corporate governance and investment policy. Attempted takeovers of domestic enterprises by foreign transnational corporations (TNCs) have raised concerns and fuelled debate by legislators and the general public. Corporate governance has figured prominently among the issues raised: What are the ownership and control structures of the bidder? Is there adequate disclosure of the TNCs’ decision-making process in the country of origin? If a foreign TNC is government-owned, is it used as a tool of government strategy? Do the TNCs involved have a track record of responsible business conduct? Are such concerns legitimate? To a large degree, the answer depends on the extent of differences between the TNCs of industrialized countries and those of emerging markets. Insofar as there are important differences, authorities need to consider the appropriate policy responses. There is not enough empirical evidence to demonstrate that corporate governance patterns in emerging markets are fundamentally different from those in OECD economies. It appears, however, that ownership is often more concentrated in comparison with several of the developed economies, that state ownership is sometimes stronger and that transparency and corporate accountability are not always particularly well-developed. The key message of this chapter is that, even where the nationality of the bidding company is not deemed important by host country authorities, the bidder’s corporate governance does matter and is likely to have an impact on the outcome of investment...

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