A European Perspective
Edited by Dominique Anxo, Gerhard Bosch and Jill Rubery
Chapter 9: Life Stage Transitions and the Still-Critical Role of the Family in Greece
9. Life stage transitions and the stillcritical role of the family in Greece Maria Karamessini INTRODUCTION The Greek social model of the post-war decades can be seen as a variant of what has been defined in comparative research literature as the Southern European social model (Ferrera 1996; Petmesidou 1996; Mingione 2002 and Karamessini 2008a). Until the mid 1970s the Greek model was characterized by ● ● ● ● ● High rates of self-employment and rural employment and incomplete proletarianization of the working class; Pronounced labour market segmentation due to (a) large discrepancies in formal employment protection and social security rights between the public and private sector as well as between white- and blue-collar employees, (b) direct wage discrimination against women workers in the private sector, that is lower wage rates for the same work, and (c) widespread informal work; General orientation of secondary education, underdevelopment of technical education and vocational training, and elitist higher education; Underdevelopment of the welfare state and heavy reliance on the extended family for protection against risks, and on its female members for the provision of care; Strong male-bias in the social protection system, gaps in social security coverage, residual unemployment insurance and social assistance, highly fragmented and inadequate healthcare, total lack of social care services. During the same period the life course employment patterns of the labour force differed greatly by sex, educational level and sector of employment. Irrespective of educational attainment and sector of employment, men had continuous employment patterns. Their legal retirement 257 258 The welfare state and...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.