Public Management Reform and Modernization
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Public Management Reform and Modernization

Trajectories of Administrative Change in Italy, France, Greece, Portugal and Spain

Edoardo Ongaro

Since the 1980s, a wave of reforms of public management has swept the world. The investigation into the effects of such major transformations has, however, been unbalanced: important countries have received only limited attention. This timely book fills the gap by investigating the dynamics of contemporary public management reform in five European countries that gave shape to the Napoleonic administrative tradition – France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain.
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Chapter 6: Trajectories of Reform in France, Greece, Portugal, Spain: Comparison and Generalizations

Edoardo Ongaro

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6. Trajectories of reform in France, Greece, Portugal, Spain: comparison and generalizations INTRODUCTION 6.1 The second part of this book enlarges the scope of the analysis to encompass all five of the countries in the Napoleonic administrative tradition, in order to address the main research questions of the book: what explains the dynamics of public management reform in the five countries in the Napoleonic administrative tradition: France, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain? And what implications can be drawn more broadly for the comparative study of public management reform? This second part of the book adopts mainly an institutional approach to the analysis of public management reform, and aims at the elaboration of generalizations about the dynamics of public sector reform in Napoleonic states. By ‘generalization’ is meant the kind of explanatory propositions that result from the comparative study of the trajectories of public management reform in the five countries considered (on the terminology adopted, see more broadly Chapter 1). The trajectories of public management reform in France, Greece, Portugal and Spain are outlined, in a stylized way, in Section 6.2. In Section 6.3 the explanatory framework adopted for the analysis of the trajectory of public management reform in Italy is revisited with the purpose of producing a first tentative generalization about the factors affecting the dynamics of public management reform, through the investigation of the four other country-level cases of public sector reforms. The final section of this chapter, Section 6.4, discusses the question about what implications can be drawn...

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