Perspectives from the Asia-Pacific
Edited by Matthew Tonts and M. A.B. Siddique
Chapter 11: Agriculture, Land Use and Conservation Initiatives in Indonesia: Implications for Development and Sustainability
Julian Clifton INTRODUCTION This chapter describes the interplay between global, regional and local forces governing land use and resource extraction in an area of central Buton Island in southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia, during the period 2002–07. Through integrating first-hand observations and research with critical reviews of international conservation efforts, this chapter presents an illustration of how globalisation, as represented through international conservation programmes, may interact with the socio-economic and political environment in developing countries targeted by such activities. The outcomes are illustrated through analysis of initiatives designed to reduce pressure on forest resources through creating new management institutions, altering household income-generating strategies, and reducing forest clearance for crop cultivation in villages surrounding two forest reserves. These demonstrate the increasing scope of intervention associated with contemporary global conservation programmes and the extent to which local livelihoods are being affected by this process. DESCRIPTION OF THE STUDY AREA Sulawesi is the fourth-largest island in Indonesia, with a total area of around 190 000 km2 and a population of 14.1 million in 2000 (Badan Pusat Statistik 2001). It is divided for government purposes into six provinces (propinsi), which are further subdivided into districts (kabupaten), subdistricts (kecamatan) and villages (desa). The province of southeast Sulawesi is administered from the town of Kendari on mainland Sulawesi 194 M2513 - TONTS PRINT.indd 194 27/01/2011 13:11 Land use and conservation initiatives in Indonesia 195 and includes Buton Island, which is divided into two districts (Buton and North Buton) with a total area of around 6200 km2...
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