Edited by Hartmut Hirsch-Kreinsen and David Jacobson
Chapter 3: Standard-setting Competition and Open Innovation in Non-HT Industries: Mechanical Engineering and Machinery
Alexander Gerybadze and André Slowak THE NEW DYNAMICS OF OPEN INNOVATION IN NON-HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIES This chapter describes the new dynamics of innovation and the complex interrelationship between R&D strategies, inter-ﬁrm alliances and standard-setting agreements. In most high-tech as well as in low- and medium-tech industries, new products and services increasingly build on a complex conﬁguration of technologies and complementary assets. Even the largest corporations need to set up cooperative agreements with suppliers, complementary service providers, research centres, regulators and the like in order to manage complex innovations successfully. There is a growing stream of research on open innovation and new forms of alliances. Most of these new studies address case studies and critical issues in high-tech industries, with a strong focus on information technology and the new role of the Internet. In a recent survey on the state-of-the-art in open innovation, Chesbrough (2006b) has emphasized the need to extend this new research programme to the study of non-high-tech industries and to include more case studies on innovation in diﬀerent European countries. The European research group on the study of innovation in low-tech industries thus provides an ideal platform for the study of new forms of open innovation which are typical of more traditional industries in European countries. Our research focuses on industries that can be considered medium-tech and play a strong role in Europe: mechanical engineering, metal-working, machine-tools, measurement and process control. Products and systems are highly complex and innovation depends on strong linkages between industrial...
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