Handbook of Research on Innovation and Clusters
Show Less

Handbook of Research on Innovation and Clusters

Cases and Policies

Edited by Charlie Karlsson

The role of innovations and clusters has increasingly dominated local and regional development policies in recent decades. This authoritative and accessible Handbook considers important aspects of high-tech clusters, analyses insightful cluster case studies, and provides a number of recommendations for cluster policies.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 12: The Clustering of Biotechnology Firms in Scotland

Joseph Leibovitz


12 The clustering of biotechnology firms in Scotland Joseph Leibovitz 1 Introduction In recent years, the concept of industrial clusters has gained substantial interest from academics, policy makers and commentators. It is widely believed that industrial clusters can help to improve the performance of urban and regional economies by strengthening the competitiveness of firms, thereby generating growth, employment and productivity gains (Porter, 2001). Within that context, biotechnology has been particularly attractive to policy makers situated in less-favoured regions because of its association with the ‘knowledge-based economy’. It is often perceived as a growth industry that has the potential to reposition national and regional economies competitively. While the cluster theory and policy approach has been very influential, the spatial qualities, characteristics and dynamics of clusters are less clearly understood. In particular, the relationship between clusters and urban economic change requires further theoretical and empirical scrutiny: what is the extent to which urban assets can support the development of clusters, and what types of interactions exist between varied urban settings and emerging knowledge-based activities? It is the purpose of this chapter, therefore, to highlight the major locational dynamics affecting the biotechnology industry in Scotland, with particular reference to Scotland’s two largest urban agglomerations, Edinburgh and Glasgow. The chapter draws on fieldwork which included some 35 interviews with a representative sample of biotechnology firms in Scotland, in addition to interviews with industrial experts and economic development officials. The elaboration of clustering as a dynamic and nuanced process, especially in an...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.