Edited by Harry W. Richardson, Peter Gordon and James E. Moore II
Chapter 6: The Resilient Response to Economic Terrorist Targeting in the UK
1 Jon Coaffee INTRODUCTION The attacks of September 11th indicate a new kind of threat to urban security and imply the need for new urban knowledge’s or at least fresh ways to apply older understandings. (Molotch and McClain, 2003, p. 679) In previous years global cities have been significantly targeted by terrorist groups, in many cases necessitating a counter-response aimed at minimizing the impact of future attacks as well as attempts to reassure international business that the city in question is safe for them to invest and locate in (Rogers, 1996; Chernick, 2005). Today, given the events of September 11th and subsequent acts of terror around the globe, counter-terrorist security and management features are now a regular part of the urban condition in the core cities of the global economy (Coaffee, 2003a; Graham, 2004). However, such ‘everyday’ counter-terrorist features have a long genesis and have constantly evolved over recent years in response to the changing tactics and targeting philosophies of would-be terrorists. Although these are international considerations, this chapter uses the response of central London authorities both pre- and post-September 11th as the lens through which to view attempts to reduce the real and perceived threat of terrorist attack against the critical economic infrastructure in the UK – essentially the financial zones of central London. The alterations in the urban landscape and managerial systems of these zones since the early 1990s provide a tangible example of the shifting nature of terrorist threat and response. 1990s ECONOMIC TERRORIST TARGETING AND TACTICS In...
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