Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research
Edited by Hans Landström, Hans Crijns, Eddy Laveren and David Smallbone
Chapter 4: How Do You React to Entrepreneurship Education? An Examination of the Role of Predispositions in an Enactive Mastery Experience of Entrepreneurship
Frédéric Delmar and Régis Goujet INTRODUCTION In this chapter we examine the role of entrepreneurial education in the acquisition of entrepreneurial self-eﬃcacy and intentions, and the mediating eﬀect of previous entrepreneurial exposure. Both sociological theories and social psychology theories, such as the theory of self-eﬃcacy (Bandura, 1997), underline the important interaction between individual predispositions and supporting environments to shape motives and abilities. These theories state that individuals develop their skills and expectations depending on how supporting diﬀerent contexts have been in relation to the individual predispositions. That is, a person with predispositions towards entrepreneurship, such as creativity and risk taking, will develop skills and motives that are going to drive that person in such a direction if they are exposed to supporting environments. However, that same person might choose another career if exposed to diﬀerent situations that either allow those dispositions to progress in another direction (for example, mountaineering) or result in them being suppressed. Moreover, a person that does not have such predispositions will not react favourably to situations that demand risk taking and creativity. The process is not deterministic because people construct a meaning from their experience when shaping their own personal development. From the perspective of entrepreneurship, this is interesting as people will react and learn diﬀerently to the same entrepreneurial experience according to their disposition and their constructed meaning. This learning experience is important later on when they 54 How do you react to entrepreneurship education? 55...
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