Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Cary L. Cooper
Chapter 13: Transparency International: Global Franchising and the War of Information Against Corruption
Luís de Sousa and Peter Larmour Introduction Transparency International (TI) has gained an indisputable reputation as the most prominent civil society ‘corruption fighter’ at the global level for several reasons. It was the first to get hold of a transnational issue which had only been sporadically and vaguely addressed by other non-governmental organizations (NGOs).1 Its mission was recently defined as ‘to work to create change towards a world free of corruption’.2 The issue of corruption was framed in a non-dichotomous way in order to avoid stigmatization of particular actors to the corrupt exchange. Everybody is called upon in the fight against ‘the evil of corruption’ through a coalition-building strategy involving all sectors of society: government, private sector and civil society (Eigen 2002: 190). No concrete ‘enemies’ were individualized. This all-inclusive strategy in the pursuit of their holistic mission (‘a world free of corruption’) gave the organization considerable political leverage both at the national and international levels. It has played an active role in pressing for the adoption of two international conventions against corruption (by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development: OECD; and the United Nations: UN) and some of its national chapters (NCs)3 have created corruption-monitoring mechanisms and pressed for the adoption or review of national legal frameworks. It displays wide international representation of local arrangements. In short, TI has played a major role in bringing corruption and anti-corruption into the agenda of multilateral organizations and national governments. The purpose of this chapter is to understand...
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