A Handbook of Contemporary Research
Edited by Rochelle C. Dreyfuss and Katherine J. Strandburg
Chapter 17: Trade Secrets and Information Access in Environmental Law
Mary L. Lyndon* I. INTRODUCTION Businesses often assert a privilege to withhold information that would identify their own effects on human health and the environment. Access to data (including chemical identity, volume and locations of discharges, and data on health and ecological effects) is crucial to environmental, health and safety (EHS) management. Secrecy undermines risk management, yet proprietary interests often prevail in direct conflicts over data. In this chapter I outline a case for a rule that would favor access over secrecy, namely when the data describes an environmental impact or exposure.1 The petrochemical industry provides a good context for examining the issues. On one hand, the ingredients of a chemical formula are a classic trade secret, though patents may also be a good fit. On the other, many trillions of pounds of chemical substances are distributed each year throughout the globe, so that exposure to them is widespread.2 Of the approximately 75,000 chemicals in use, only a relatively small number have been well characterized for potential toxicity, though many are thought to pose health risks.3 Given these facts, should the identity of chemicals or data on their effects be covered by trade secrecy or its progeny, ‘confidential business information’ (CBI)? Professor of Law, St. John’s University. I use ‘EHS’ and ‘environmental’ as synonyms, but my focus will be on the environment. Occupational health and safety and consumer product and food and drug management face similar problems in managing and distributing information. David Levine has analysed related issues in...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.