Evaluation and Performance Measurement of Research and Development
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Evaluation and Performance Measurement of Research and Development

Techniques and Perspectives for Multi-Level Analysis

Vittorio Chiesa and Federico Frattini

This book develops and illustrates a comprehensive, multi-level framework for the evaluation of industrial R & D activities and the measurement of their performances. The framework encompasses a set of hierarchical, interrelated levels at which R & D evaluation and performance measurement could be undertaken. This enlightening book focuses on the single industrial firm to study performance measurement of R & D functions, projects and individual researchers or engineers. It also addresses the R & D evaluation from the point of view of financial markets, with a focus on the relationships between R & D investments and the value of the traded firm.
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Chapter 5: R & D Information

S. Morricone and R. Oriani

Extract

5. 5.1 R&D information INTRODUCTION As shown in Chapter 4, the market valuation of R&D investments is a very important issue for managers, investors and researchers. Chapter 4 has presented the main methods and results of the literature linking R&D investments and firm market value, but it has not dealt with the possible R&D information problems arising between managers and outside investors. Indeed, despite the continuous growth of R&D spending, the information sources and level of disclosure on R&D have not significantly changed for the last two decades. Several studies have advanced that the relative scarcity of R&D disclosure and the inability of accounting rules to recognize fully the economic value of R&D investment may give rise to information deficiencies (among others, Lev, 2001; Hand and Lev, 2003). Accordingly, the main contribution of this chapter is to analyse how R&D information flows from firms to investors and the implications for firm market value. The uniqueness of R&D economic attributes makes it difficult for outsiders to learn about its value. Accounting rules exacerbate the information asymmetries, as R&D investments are in general fully expensed in financial reports or not even disclosed. This chapter will deal with three interrelated aspects related to the R&D information chain. First, it explains why and how R&D investments generate information asymmetries between insiders (managers) and outsiders (investors). Second, it analyses the value relevance of R&D information for investors and stock prices. Third,...

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