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Edited by Ayala Malach-Pines and Mustafa F. Özbilgin
Chapter 13: Determinants of Intrapreneurship Among High-tech Engineers
13 Determinants of intrapreneurship among high-tech engineers Sigalit Ronen Introduction Entrepreneurship has an important impact on our society as it is regarded a crucial determinant of economic development and prosperity (Drucker, 1985; Pines et al., 2004). The last two decades have witnessed a remarkable increase in research on entrepreneurship, which developed from a marginal, struggling field of inquiry into a dynamic research domain of many business schools worldwide. Given the significance of entrepreneurship to society and economic growth, it is important to identify the defining characteristics of the entrepreneur. Although the business-owning entrepreneur is regarded a crucial actor in the entrepreneurship process, it has recently been suggested that ‘entrepreneurship is too important to be left to business owners alone’ (Cromie, 2000, p. 10). In fact, researchers have argued that, in our world of rapid technological innovation, entrepreneurship must be practiced at all levels of organizational hierarchy, not just at the top hierarchy of entrepreneurial firms (Donaldson, 1985; Morgan, 1988; Cromie, 2000). This line of thought is reflected in the approach to research on entrepreneurship taken by several institutions such as the Harvard Business School, which is followed by the conviction that entrepreneurship should not be what we study, but rather, the entrepreneurial firm should be where we study entrepreneurship. The present study focuses on intrapreneurship, a concept that has been on the scene for years, but only recently resurfaced. Intrapreneurship is defined here as the practice of entrepreneurial skills and approaches adopted by employees while being employed at entrepreneurial firms...
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