Edited by Ayala Malach-Pines and Mustafa F. Özbilgin
Chapter 17: High-technology Entrepreneurs: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion
Olca Sürgevil and Mustafa F. Özbilgin Introduction In this chapter, we examine HTEs (high-technology entrepreneurs) through the lens of equality and diversity. In order to achieve this, first, we explore the making of high-technology entrepreneurs with a view to situate the lived experience of HTEs in the context of work and life. Next, the chapter adopts a life-cycle perspective to point out the varied influences to which HTEs are exposed through their life courses. In this way, we explore the complexity of factors that shape lived experience of HTEs. The chapter then focuses on different strands of equality and diversity. We elaborate on the implications of each strand of equality and diversity for HTEs. Based on our review of literature, we contend that silences, omissions and brevity of research in the field of equality and diversity for HTEs warrant scholarly and policy attention in the context of the changing face of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education with its growing patterns of demographic diversity and internationalization. A final section concludes. Making of high-technology entrepreneurs In order to understand HTEs and their experiences of equality and diversity, it is apt to examine the sector of work in which HTEs are situated. Although high-technology companies cater for all sectors of work and employment, they are more densely represented in some sectors including software engineering, wireless communications, database production, data security solutions and encryption, medical and scientific equipment and biotechnology, nanotechnologies, advanced machinery, automation, robotics, advanced chemicals, green-tech (energy and environment)...
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