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Edited by Ayala Malach-Pines and Mustafa F. Özbilgin
Chapter 18: Exploring Women Academics’ Involvement in Science Entrepreneurship: A Structuration View
Elizabeth Chell, Mine Karataş-Özkan and Rosie Read Introduction The aim of this chapter is to explore women academics’ involvement in science entrepreneurship as a part of their career development, from a structuration theory perspective that accounts for both individual and structural elements in explaining social phenomena. The chapter emphasizes the multi-layered nature of the entrepreneurial career development for women academics. At the micro-individual level it is crucial to understand the perception, attitudes, objectives and aspirations of women scientists in shaping their own career. At the meso-organizational level, it is important to look into how academic institutions, research departments and cultures operate in terms of support for women scientists’ career development. And finally at the macro-level, dynamics of the SET (science, engineering and technology) labor market, policies, professional bodies, and institutions of enterprise culture in which these entrepreneurial activities are embedded. The chapter addresses two research questions. First, how has an application of structuration theory contributed to entrepreneurship research in general and to the domain of science entrepreneurship in particular? Adding the gender dimension into equation triggers a second question: how can women scientists’ involvement in science entrepreneurship be explained by structurationist arguments, taking into account their agentic entrepreneurial behavior and external environmental influences, both positive and negative? Drawing on the data collected through an empirical study in three British universities, the chapter focuses on the entrepreneurial activities of physicists and engineers. In order to shed light on the subject, both males and females participated in the study, utilizing...
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