- Advances in Regulatory Economics series
Edited by Michael A. Crew, Paul R. Kleindofer and James I. Campbell Jr
Chapter 12: National Postal Policies in Europe on the Eve of the Third Directive
12. National postal policies in Europe on the eve of the Third Directive James I. Campbell Jr.,† Alex Kalevi Dieke‡ and Antonia Niederprüm‡ 1. INTRODUCTION This chapter oﬀers a snapshot of the national postal laws of Europe as they stood in mid2006. By this time all of the then 25 member states of the European Union (EU) – even the 10 countries from eastern and southern Europe who joined in early 2004 – had had a minimum of several years to implement the Postal Directive of 1997 as amended in 2002.1 In 2006, the ﬁrst draft of a third directive on postal services was still over the horizon.2 A look back at the state of play in mid-2006 oﬀers both an opportunity to evaluate how earlier reforms turned out in fact and a glimpse into what may be expected in the wake of the recent amendment to the Postal Directive to accomplish ‘full market opening’.3 In the EU, a ‘directive’ is a framework law adopted at EU level institutions. To give eﬀect to a directive, member states must adopt national laws that implement the directive. National laws may implement a directive in diﬀerent ways and in some cases may fail to implement a directive fully. A directive, therefore, leaves room for substantial variation in national postal policies. A survey of postal practices among member states of the EU, prepared for the European Commission by the authors, revealed a persistent diversity of national postal traditions within the framework...
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