International Challenges and Perspectives
Edited by Jeffrey A. Raffel, Peter Leisink and Anthony E. Middlebrooks
Chapter 18: Examination of Mental Health Leadership Competencies Across IIMHL Countries
Richard H. Beinecke and Justin Spencer INTRODUCTION We face a crisis in public leadership. Canada, Australia and other countries face major challenges in recruiting and training their future managers and leaders. In the United States only 7.5 percent of the Federal workforce is under age 30, while over 40 percent is over age 50. The most recent available figures suggested that in 2006 about 31 percent of Federal employees will be eligible for retirement. Fifteen percent overall and as many as 50 percent of workers in some agencies will actually retire. As of 2004 more than 7 out of 10 top Federal government managers could claim their pensions if they so desired. The situation is similar in other public fields. In the United States and many other countries as many as 40 percent of senior managers at all levels of government, health, local agencies and advocacy organizations will retire within the next five years (Broder 2001; Civil Service Subcommittee 2003; GAO 2001; Spors and Fialka 2002; Wamunya 2003). Many of these people received leadership and management training when funded programs were more widely available. Unless we devote attention and resources to this problem, the next generation of public administration leaders will not be equipped to take on the new roles that they will be assuming. The Annapolis Coalition, a not-for-profit organization focused on improving workforce development in the behavioral health field in the United States, concludes that ‘leadership development, as a strategic goal, offers high potential to transform behavioral health.’...
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