Edited by Alain Fayolle
Chapter 1: Insights from an International Perspective on Entrepreneurship Education
Alain Fayolle This third volume of the Handbook of Research in Entrepreneurship Education follows the first two books which have been respectively articulated around a general perspective (Fayolle, 2007a) and a contextual perspective (Fayolle, 2007b). In these books we had selected chapters studying current changes in entrepreneurship education at the paradigmatic, methodological and theoretical levels and others showing the importance of cultural, institutional, national and political contexts. The third Handbook volume takes an international perspective. It means that not only do we recognize the contextual dimension of entrepreneurship education and training but we also believe as researchers and educators that we can learn from international practice diversity (Potter, 2008). Entrepreneurship can be an important source of value creation and we believe that social justice can be achieved through its application. Entrepreneurship is also highly contextual. The process of how, by whom, and with what consequences business opportunities based on future products and services are discovered, evaluated and exploited is shaped by the level of development of the economy and the cultural context in which it occurs (Potter, 2008). For example, we know that entrepreneurship in developing and transition countries is qualitatively different from entrepreneurship in developed countries. Three different economic and cultural contexts that shape entrepreneurship can be observed: (1) the liberal system, in which the market mechanism is the best way to shape and maintain economic and social justice (that is, the US economy); (2) the cooperative system, in which the state plays an important role in redistributing wealth...
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