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Edited by Alain Fayolle
Chapter 9: Entrepreneurship’ Education and Training Environment: A Multicultural Perspective
9 Entrepreneurs’ education and training environment: a multicultural perspective Catherine Coron Introduction In The Entrepreneur: An Economic Theory (Casson, 1982, p. 10), Mark Casson built a theoretical link between human capital and entrepreneurship, leading us to an entrepreneurial meaning of human capital: In recent statistical analysis of growth, differences in the quality of labour and in the efficiency of resource use have been attributed to differences in the endowment of ‘human capital’. Human capital is often assumed to reflect technical skills acquired through education and training, but it may also reflect the underlying entrepreneurial abilities of the population. In this case, to fully eliminate the ‘residual’ from the explanation it is necessary to have a theory of the entrepreneur. When economic growth and development is considered in a historical perspective, the role of the entrepreneur comes into sharper focus. Entrepreneurship appears as a personal quality which enables certain individuals to make decisions with far-reaching consequences. The following analyses try to question both empirically and comparatively entrepreneurs’ ‘personal qualities’ such as their education paths according to their countries of origin. This will enable us to measure the impact of higher education systems on entrepreneurship. According to Mark Casson ‘One of the main reasons why the entrepreneur has become a cultural hero of capitalism is that he is able to rise from humble origins to a position of power and status’ (Casson 1982, p. 200). In this chapter, we would like to question and oppose the notions of ‘self-made’ and ‘self-educated’ entrepreneur,...
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