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Edited by Alain Fayolle
Chapter 11: Entrepreneurship Education and Ethnic Minorities: The Case of North African Entrepreneurs in France
11 Entrepreneurship education and ethnic minorities: the case of North African entrepreneurs in France Hadj Nekka and Alain Fayolle Introduction The question of entrepreneurship education represents an interest not only in its own right but may also be used to correct some of the shortcomings of mass education. Indeed, learning has become separated from practical application (Filion, 1996). It leads students to evolve within a predetermined frame of reference which in turn leads to a feeling of anxiety once they find themselves in a system where all is not clearly defined. Regarding the field itself, and despite the instability of the theoretical field of entrepreneurship, attempts have been made to define suitable education methods and contents that correspond to the field’s theoretical and practical needs (Fayolle, 2000; 2007a; Fayolle and Gailly, 2008). However, little research has been conducted on the specificities of particular populations. In this context, focusing on a particular population should enable us to go back over existing research and suggest potential pedagogical innovations in the field of entrepreneurship education. Our objective here is to contribute to the improvement of entrepreneurship education by concentrating on an ethnic minority, French entrepreneurs of North African origin. Our objectives are ambitious given the fact that one can wonder whether entrepreneurship education for ethnic minorities constitutes an impasse or rather intellectual opportunism. Our work is divided into three parts. The first highlights the theoretical benefits of associating entrepreneurial education and support, while the second aims to present a review of the literature...
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