Knowledge Transfer and Technology Diffusion
Show Less

Knowledge Transfer and Technology Diffusion

Edited by Paul L. Robertson and David Jacobson

This important book is about the origins and diffusion of innovation, in theory and in practice. The practice draws on a variety of industries, from electronics to eyewear, from furniture to mechatronics, in a range of economies including Europe, the USA and China.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details

Chapter 2: Resources and Innovation in Low-tech Industries: An Empirical Study of Clusters in Spain and Italy

José L. Hervas-Oliver and José Albors


2. Resources and innovation in low-tech industries: an empirical study of clusters in Spain and Italy José L. Hervas-Oliver and José Albors INTRODUCTION 1. This chapter develops a theoretical framework for identifying the cornerstones of the resource-based view of the firm, or RBV (Barney, 1991; Peteraf, 1993), in its application to clusters. We therefore seek to develop a general model of the performance of resources and clusters, integrating the various strands of research and providing a sound theoretical framework to support further work. We use the terms ‘clusters’ and ‘industrial districts’ synonymously, although we recognize differences in the concepts, which are especially due to the social aspects frequently observed in industrial districts. The chapter basically refers to industrial districts, and thus the linkages between the local actors and the social capital, which act as a moderating factor, are especially important. The RBV posits a correspondence between a firm’s unique set of resources and capabilities and its level of performance. The theory may also be conceptually extended to the levels of geographic regions and industrial clusters (Harrison, 1994; Enright, 1995; Foss, 1996; Lawson, 1999:158; Maskell and Malmberg, 1999:173) because regions contain higher order capabilities (Foss, 1996) available to firms located within them. These higher order capabilities help to explain a firm’s internal resources (Lawson, 1999; Maskell and Malmberg, 1999) to the extent that the resources of firms cannot be understood without considering their regional situation (Lawson, 1999). Nevertheless, only a few studies have evaluated the RBV in clusters, and...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.