The Challenge of Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
Edited by Stefano Pogutz, Angeloantonio Russo and Paolo Migliavacca
4. Build-up of a hydrogen infrastructure Martin Wietschel, Philipp Seydel and Michael Ball INTRODUCTION A strategy conducive to an innovative hydrogen infrastructure, if successful, will also raise the market demand for hydrogen. At the core of any infrastructure analysis is the question of how the infrastructure (primary energy resources, hydrogen production and hydrogen transport and distribution) should be developed over time and how the needs of both consumers and suppliers can be met. Further, the economic and ecological impacts of hydrogen depend mainly on the infrastructure, because hydrogen is a secondary energy carrier. Such an analysis must take into account the characteristics of different national energy systems (such as availability of primary energy sources or transport distances) as well as national energy policies (oriented toward the need for renewable energy or the damage done to the climate by abuse of the environment). DEPLOYMENT AND USES OF HYDROGEN Hydrogen can be used for mobile, stationary and portable applications. Due to the amount of energy derivable for mobile and stationary applications, an analysis of specific applications follows. The development of an infrastructure for mobile applications has been the objective of much research. Today’s energy and transport system, which is based mainly on fossil fuels, can in no way be evaluated as sustainable. In view of the inevitable increased demand for global energy, the need for a dependable energy supply and the onset of climate change, air pollution and increasing prices of energy sources are having a growing impact on policy making throughout...
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