Europe, Globalization and the Lisbon Agenda
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Europe, Globalization and the Lisbon Agenda

Edited by Maria João Rodrigues

The Lisbon Agenda aims to prepare Europe for globalization by updating European policies for research, innovation, competition, trade, employment, education, social protection, environment and energy at both the European and national levels. Designed to inspire the new cycle of the Lisbon Agenda until 2010 and beyond, this timely and significant volume explores the intellectual elaboration of the agenda for the coming years.
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Chapter 12: The Lisbon Agenda and the Key Reforms at National Level: Conclusions of the Debate

Maria João Rodrigues

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12. The Lisbon Agenda and the key reforms at national level: conclusions of the debate Maria João Rodrigues A cross-national analysis of some key indicators clearly shows that the implementation of the Lisbon Agenda varies a great deal. If we want to assess how performances can be improved, we must go beyond a comparison of output indicators, such as the growth rate, labour productivity or the employment rate, and analyse underlying structures and behaviour. To this end, we can use the available research on the varieties of capitalism. 12.1 DEVELOPING THE FRAMEWORK FOR COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS In order to discuss the implications of the Lisbon Agenda, we must develop the above-mentioned available typologies on varieties of capitalism. First, we should take into account new institutional areas that are relevant for the Lisbon Agenda, notably regarding the environment and social inclusion within the broader context of sustainable development. Second, we should outline the characteristics of a new type of capitalism found in some new Member States, which can be called the ‘Eastern type’ (for a detailed analysis, see Chapter 11 in this volume). Third, we must highlight the factors shaping the various existing institutional settings. These, of course, reflect different historical backgrounds, but also current differences in terms of values, collective preferences, resources, general conditions and, last but not least, actors. Finally, we must emphasize that we are not comparing ‘national models’, but rather broader ‘ideal types’ of capitalism, which requires a higher level of abstraction to identify...

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