Towards the Third Generation University
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Towards the Third Generation University

Managing the University in Transition

J. G. Wissema

Universities are undergoing massive change, evolving from science-based, government-funded institutions into ‘international know-how hubs’ dubbed third generation universities, or 3GUs. J.G. Wissema explores this dramatic change, tracing the historic development of universities, and exploring the technology-based enterprises, technostarters and financiers for start-ups and young enterprises that are the main partners of these 3GUs. He goes on to illustrate that universities play a new role as incubators of new science or technology based commercial activities and take an active role in the exploitation of the knowledge they create. The book concludes with suggestions regarding the way in which changes in the university’s mission should be reflected in subsequent organisational changes.
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Chapter 3: Two Case Studies

J. G. Wissema


3.1 A CLASSIFICATION OF UNIVERSITIES At this point, we would like to introduce a classification of universities by plotting quality in research and education against progress towards the third generation university (3GU) model (Figure 3.1). Types 1, 2 and 3 are basically first, second and third generation universities while Types 4 and 5 are excellent versions of second and third generation universities. Type 1 universities are mainly or only teaching institutes. The research activities of these universities are limited in size and scope or they are not present at all. Quite a few of such universities teach on the level of higher professional education. They may form the majority of the world’s 30 000 institutes for higher education. If a Type 1 university wants to develop itself, the first thing it has to do is to create a thorough research base. Without it, it cannot develop a know-how carousel and hence it cannot develop into a 3GU. Type 2 universities have a solid scientific base, having some outstanding scientists amongst their staff. Education is linked to the research efforts. Type 2 universities are ‘true’ universities, not higher professional schools that are only universities in name. When these universities collaborate actively with industry and other partners in the commercialisation of know-how and when they have extensive educational and operational facilities for technostarters, they become Type 3 universities. Alternatively, they can strengthen their research base and become a Type 4 university. The transfer to a world-class university however is...

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