Towards the Third Generation University
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Towards the Third Generation University

Managing the University in Transition

J. G. Wissema

Universities are undergoing massive change, evolving from science-based, government-funded institutions into ‘international know-how hubs’ dubbed third generation universities, or 3GUs. J.G. Wissema explores this dramatic change, tracing the historic development of universities, and exploring the technology-based enterprises, technostarters and financiers for start-ups and young enterprises that are the main partners of these 3GUs. He goes on to illustrate that universities play a new role as incubators of new science or technology based commercial activities and take an active role in the exploitation of the knowledge they create. The book concludes with suggestions regarding the way in which changes in the university’s mission should be reflected in subsequent organisational changes.
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Appendix 2: Educating technostarters

J. G. Wissema


A2.1 THE FUNNEL MODEL AND SYNCHRONISED EDUCATION In the historical overview of Chapter 1, we saw that the medieval or first generation university aimed to create critical professionals (theologians, physicians, lawyers); it was not designed to create investigative scientists. This task was added in the Humboldt or second generation university, while education for professionals was maintained. The third generation university (3GU) adds entrepreneurs to the list of students to be educated (Table A2.1). The education of professionals, scientists and entrepreneurs can take place in undergraduate courses, graduate courses and post-experience courses or seminars. Table A2.1 Education tasks of the three generations of universities This type of university: 1st generation university 2nd generation university 3rd generation university professionals professionals professionals Educates: scientists scientists entrepreneurs This appendix will discuss the funnel model for an educational programme in entrepreneurship, which is comprised of a number of stages in which the entrepreneurial intent increases after each stage, while the number of participating students decreases as students who are no longer interested in the subject drop out.202 (Figure A2.1). This cascade model has the following stages: 1. In the first stage, the interest of the student is awakened by an awareness programme or a mandatory course203 such as ‘Introduction to Entrepreneurship’. After such a course, the student may go to the next stage or call it the end of the road as far as entrepreneurship is concerned. Students whose interest has been raised can follow an elementary elective, say a course such as ‘Turning Technology...

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