Legal and Policy Challenges for the World Economy
- New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series
Edited by Benjamin J. Richardson, Yves Le Bouthillier, Heather McLeod-Kilmurray and Stepan Wood
Chapter 12: Policy and Legal Dimensions of CDM Projects in the Forestry Sector: Implications for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Uganda
Emmanuel B. Kasimbazi* 1. INTRODUCTION It has become an important focus in the climate change debate to consider how carbon sequestration through the forestry sector can help to mitigate climate change. For a developing country such as Uganda, carbon sequestration also represents an opportunity to fund sustainable development through investment in afforestation and reforestation. Projects in the forestry sector and environmentally sound land-use practices have the potential to help mitigate climate change by acting as sinks for greenhouse gases (GHGs), particularly carbon dioxide. Uganda, as a party to the Kyoto Protocol,1 has undertaken to implement Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects in the forestry sector. These projects also bring economic and social benefits to the local communities where they are implemented and to the country at large, thereby promoting climate change mitigation and adaptation. Like many other countries in Africa, Uganda has suffered extensive deforestation in recent decades, resulting in not only the release of GHGs, but also collateral impacts on biodiversity, soil conservation and other environmental values. The parties to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)2 and the Kyoto Protocol recognize that state parties should enact effective environmental legislation to combat climate change.3 The state parties also commit to taking climate change considerations into account to the extent feasible in their relevant social, economic and environmental policies and actions, and to employ appropriate methods to mitigate and adapt to climate change.4 As a state party to the UNFCCC 285 286 Climate law and developing countries and...
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