Social Protection in Africa
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Social Protection in Africa

Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux and Phillip White

The purpose of this book is to make accessible to a broad audience the ideas, principles and practicalities of establishing effective social protection in Africa. It focuses on the major shift in strategy for tackling hunger and vulnerability, from emergency responses mainly in the form of food transfers to predictable cash transfers to the chronically poorest social groups. The diverse case studies in this book provide a unique and timely exploration of the effective, and less effective, ways that social transfers are delivered to the chronically poor and vulnerable in Sub-Saharan Africa.
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Chapter 15: Case Study 5. Social Cash Transfers, Zambia

Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux and Phillip White


OVERVIEW In 2007, Zambia had five social cash transfer pilot schemes running in Kalomo, Monze and Kazungula Districts in Southern Province, and Chipata and Katete Districts in Eastern Province. The longest established of these was the Kalomo Pilot Cash Transfer Scheme, which has run since 2004 in Kalomo District, initially providing transfers to 1027 destitute beneficiaries in 143 villages and five township sections. The Kalomo scheme had been taken as a model for other pilot cash transfers, each intended to test different aspects of cash transfer delivery and to enable lessons to be learnt for scaling up cash transfers in the future. Technical assistance for these schemes was provided by GTZ (Kalomo and Monze) and CARE International under a DFID-funded partnership agreement (Kazungula, Chipata and Katete). The focus of this case study is on two out of the three CARE supported schemes, Kazungula (rural southern) and Chipata (urban eastern); however, these examples are placed within the broader context of the set of pilots as a group. The Kazungula cash transfer scheme sought to test the feasibility of unconditional cash transfers in a remote, sparsely populated and agriculturally marginal rural area. From August 2005 to March 2007, this scheme provided 554 destitute and incapacitated households with ZMK30000 (US$7.5) per month (if they had no children) or ZMK40 000 (US$10) per month (if they had children). In April 2007, these amounts were raised to ZMK40 000 and ZMK50 000 respectively (CARE Zambia, 2007). The Chipata cash transfer scheme...

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