Chapter 19: Case Study 9. Neighbourhood Care Points for orphans and vulnerable children, Swaziland
OVERVIEW In 2006, Swaziland joined several other African countries in developing National Plans of Action (NPAs) for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). Included as a central plank in Swaziland’s 2006–10 NPA was an approach to the social inclusion of OVC, Neighbourhood Care Points, which had previously been developed as a scheme with intended national coverage (Swaziland, 2006). A Neighbourhood Care Point (NCP) in simple terms refers to a place or point in a community where neighbours come together to provide care for OVC from the neighbourhood. This can be a house, a church, a community shed, a school or any type of shelter available. Some NCPs begin under a tree, until a roofed structure can be secured. The ‘ideal NCP’ is a place providing emotional support and care, along with a regular balanced meal, in order to secure improved nutrition, health, hygiene and sanitation for OVC. The wish list for such an NCP includes (Dlamini, 2007): ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● basic day-time shelter from rain, wind and cold; warm clothing against winter cold; basic interaction, and developmental simulation activities for young children; availability of ﬁrst aid treatments and basic health care; teaching and story-telling activities to provide life skills and build resilience; play, drama, singing and sports opportunities; consciousness raising and protection from abuse and HIV infection; gardening and keeping of small livestock; non-formal and after-school education activities; and psychosocial support and counselling for children with special needs. In Swaziland, NCPs were ﬁrst established in early 2001 in four communities in Hhohho region...
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