Edited by Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt and Joakim Nergelius
Chapter 8: Governmental Accountability in Autonomies: Åland Islands in Comparison with Select Autonomies in Europe and Elsewhere
8. Governmental accountability in autonomies: Åland Islands in comparison with select autonomies in Europe and elsewhere1 Markku Suksi I. INTRODUCTION Governmental accountability across the world shows an incredible variation of different themes and also a great variation of the same individual theme. The different sorts of governmental accountability that could be mentioned include references to good governance (Suksi, 2002a, passim), accountability of the elected person through elections under Article 25 of the UN Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Suksi 2005a, passim), accountability of the government through the mechanism of parliamentarism, criminal responsibility of civil servants for different criminal acts carried out in office and tort liability of civil servants for damages caused in office (Suksi, 2002b: 276–280, 294–299, 307 ff., 366–370). In a recent account of power and accountability in a comparative perspective in The Executive and Public Law, Craig and Tomkins (2006, passim) present national examples of governmental accountability in a way which underlines the multifarious nature of governmental accountability. In fact, the specific topic of governmental accountability seems to contain so many different mechanisms created under the law that the concept of accountability is stretched out to a thin film covering the different institutions and substantive issues of public administration. At the end of the day, governmental accountability is everything, and because of that, it at the same time is almost nothing. Hence, there is a need to be more specific about what governmental accountability is and what it is not in order to...
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