Edited by Edoardo Ongaro, Andrew Massey, Marc Holzer and Ellen Wayenberg
Chapter 3: Who Will Govern US Megapolitans, and How? An Inter-governmental Analysis
3. Who will govern US megapolitans, and how? An intergovernmental analysis John Stuart Hall1 INTRODUCTION: MEGAPOLITAN CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS One of the enduring dialogues of US intergovernmental relations centers on how well the intergovernmental system balances the politics and policy of place against development of functional public policy. The increasing importance of urban regional development and arrangements adds vitality to this discussion. Emerging megapolitan regions offer new place-based policy terrain and contribute greatly to the urgency and importance of this discussion for US domestic policy and for the study of intergovernmental relations. Pursuit of the questions, ‘who will govern megapolitan regions and how’ should illuminate our understanding of intergovernmental capacity and resilience in the face of new and significant pressures. Megapolitan regions (Megas) are ‘super’ urban regions that combine two, frequently several major metropolitan areas and demonstrate increased economic interdependence. As Figures 3.1 and 3.2 illustrate, Megas represent a significant recent change in metropolitan form with important implications for intergovernmental relations. Figure 3.1 depicts a shift from the big city/suburb concentric zone form that dominated urban development for much of the twentieth century to the more complicated metropolitan region that emerged in the latter part of the twentieth century. These newer, larger metro areas connected central cities to suburbs and other smaller ‘edge’ cities to form large urban regions that we called ‘Citistates’ (Peirce et al. 1993). In the last decade of the twentieth century, we contended that Citistates were the natural, organic urban areas of the...
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