Edited by Edoardo Ongaro, Andrew Massey, Marc Holzer and Ellen Wayenberg
Chapter 19: Conditioning Subnational Responses to External Influences: The Role of Internal Moderators in Public Policy Adoption in the American States
Edward Alan Miller Public policy outcomes in nations with multi-level governance structures derive from decisions made by both national- and subnational political institutions. But despite the ramifications of intergovernmental relations in countries such as the United States, Australia, Great Britain, Canada, and Germany, there has been little systematic empirical research examining the extent to which national and subnational units interact to influence public policy adoption at the subnational level. This gap is particularly evident in the literature examining the correlates of subnational policy adoption outside of the US (Gilardi and Fuglister 2008; Hakkinen and Luoma 1995; Vasi 2007). However, it is also evident in the much more extensive US literature. Here, most research examines the influence of internal state characteristics on state policy adoption (Berry and Berry 1999; Blomquist 1999; Miller 2004, 2005). External influences deriving from other states’ activities have been described as well (Miller and Banaszak-Holl 2005; Peterson and Rom 1990; Walker 1969). Less well studied are influences emanating from the behavior of national authorities, though these have increasingly been studied also (Cline 2003; Grogan 1999; Miller 2006a, 2006b). But while there has long been a tradition of studying the determinants of state policymaking, there is little research examining the way in which external and internal factors interact to influence adoption. 299 M2495 - ONGARO PRINT.indd 299 04/03/2011 16:56 300 Policy, performance and management in governance and IGR THE MODERATING EFFECTS OF INTERNAL FACTORS ON EXTERNAL INFLUENCES That interaction between internal and external influences may be important...
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