Towards Integration or Fragmentation?
Edited by Henri Delanghe, Ugur Muldur and Luc Soete
Chapter 3: A European Research Area Built by the Member States?
Christian Svanfeldt This chapter centres on publicly funded intra-European cross-border research programme cooperation and its relation to the development of the European Research Area (ERA).1 The focus is on research programme cooperation between Member States taking place outside the frame of intergovernmental research cooperation schemes including programmes like COST2 and EUREKA3 or infrastructures like the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). Although cross-border research programme cooperation has been rather insignificant so far in terms of frequency and volume of funding, there are signs that the situation may be changing. There is an explicit recognition of the need for scale and scope in order for research to be effective and for national research efforts to be well connected to European or worldwide research activities. The key questions addressed in this chapter are: what are the rationale for, drivers of and barriers to public research programme cooperation between EU Member States? And can such cooperation be a viable Member State-driven strategy to construct ERA? The ERA-NETs are exploited as sources of information to understand better the current situation and recent trends. Nordic research cooperation and in particular the Nordic Research and Innovation Area (NORIA) are looked at as cases of non-EU-led multilateral research cooperation with objectives similar to those of ERA. 1 THE RATIONALE FOR RESEARCH PROGRAMME COOPERATION BETWEEN MEMBER STATES IN RELATION TO THE ERA OBJECTIVES The rationale for public investment in knowledge in general and science and technology in particular is multiple...
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