Towards Integration or Fragmentation?
Edited by Henri Delanghe, Ugur Muldur and Luc Soete
Chapter 4: The ‘European Research Area’ Idea in the History of Community Policy-making
4. The ‘European Research Area’ idea in the history of Community policy-making Luca Guzzetti THE BEGINNINGS OF COMMUNITY RESEARCH POLICY 1 On 14 January 1974, the very first Council Resolution concerning Community scientific and technological research (coal/steel and nuclear research fields excluded) was taken; here is an excerpt from its text: Whereas the Heads of State or of Government meeting in Paris on 19 and 20 October 1972 expressed their determination to promote the development of a common policy in the field of science and technology and noted that such a policy would require the coordination of national policies within the Community institutions, and the joint implementation of projects of interest to the Community; . . . Article 1. In order to define objectives and ensure the development of a common policy in the field of science and technology involving the coordination of national policies and the joint implementation of projects of interest to the Community the following operations shall be progressively carried out within the Community: 1) the examination and comparison of Member States’ national policies in this field, particularly their potential, plans, programmes, projects, budgets, measures and methods in this field; 2) the identification, analysis and comparison of the objectives of the Member States in order to determine the common goals to be adopted and the appropriate ways and means of achieving them; 3) the coordination of national policies on the basis of 1 and 2 above with the aim of: eliminating unnecessary or unwarranted duplication of effort in national programmes,...
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